amnesty


amnesty
/aemnastiy/ A sovereign act of forgiveness for past acts, granted by a government to all persons (or to certain classes of persons) who have been guilty of crime or delict, generally political offenses,-treason, sedition, rebellion, draft evasion,-and often conditioned upon their return to obedience and duty within a prescribed time.
The 1986 Immigration Reform and Control Act provided amnesty for many undocumented aliens already present in the country. Included in the concept of pardon is "amnesty," which is similar in all respects to a full pardon, insofar as when it is granted both the crime and punishment are abrogated; however, unlike pardons, an amnesty usually refers to a class of individuals irrespective of individual situations. State v. Morris, 55 Ohio St.2d 101, 9 O.O.Sd 92, 378 N.E.2d 708, 711.
A declaration of the person or persons who have newly acquired or recovered the sovereign power in a nation, by which they pardon all persons who composed, supported, or obeyed the government which has been overthrown. Amnesty is the abolition and forgetfulness of the offense; pardon is forgiveness. Knote v. U. S., 95 U.S. 149, 152, 24 L.Ed. 442.
The first is usually addressed to crimes against the sovereignty of the nation, to political offenses; the second condones infractions of the peace of the nation. Burdick v. United States, 236 U.S. 79, 35 S.Ct. 267, 271, 59 L.Ed. 476
Compare pardon
Express amnesty is one granted in direct terms.
Implied amnesty is one which results when a treaty of peace is made between contending parties

Black's law dictionary. . 1990.

Synonyms:
(granted to whole classes of persons), (by proclamation), ,


Look at other dictionaries:

  • Amnesty — International Zweck: Menschenrechtsorganisation Vorsitz: Peter Pack (Vorsitzender des internationalen Exekutivkomitees) Gründungsdatum: 28. Mai 1961 Mitgliederzahl …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Amnesty — International Logo de Amnesty International Contexte général Champs d action Défense des droits de l homme Zone d influence …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Amnesty — (from the Greek amnestia , oblivion) is a legislative or executive act by which a state restores those who may have been guilty of an offense against it to the positions of innocent persons. It includes more than pardon, in as much as it… …   Wikipedia

  • amnesty — am·nes·ty / am nəs tē/ n pl ties: an act of clemency by an authority (as a government) by which pardon is granted esp. to a group of individuals illegal alien farm workers seeking amnesty National Law Journal Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law.… …   Law dictionary

  • amnesty — (n.) pardon of past offenses, 1570s, from Fr. amnestie intentional overlooking, from L. amnestia, from Gk. amnestia forgetfulness (of wrong); an amnesty, from a , privative prefix, not, + mnestis remembrance, related to mnaomai I remember (see… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Amnesty — Am nes*ty, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Amnestied}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Amnestying}.] To grant amnesty to. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • amnesty — ► NOUN (pl. amnesties) 1) an official pardon for people convicted of political offences. 2) a period where no action is taken against people admitting to particular offences. ► VERB (amnesties, amnestied) ▪ grant an amnesty to. ORIGIN …   English terms dictionary

  • amnesty — [am′nəs tē] n. pl. amnesties [Fr amnestie < L amnestia < Gr amnēstia, a forgetting: see AMNESIA] 1. a pardon, esp. for political offenses against a government 2. Archaic a deliberate overlooking, as of an offense vt. amnestied, amnestying… …   English World dictionary

  • Amnesty — Am nes*ty, n. [L. amnestia, Gr. ?, a forgetting, fr. ? forgotten, forgetful; a priv. + mna^sqai to remember: cf. F. amnistie, earlier amnestie. See {Mean}, v.] 1. Forgetfulness; cessation of remembrance of wrong; oblivion. [1913 Webster] 2. An… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • amnesty — *pardon, absolution …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • amnesty — [n] pardon, often by government absolution, condonation, dispensation, forgiveness, immunity, reprieve; concepts 298,300 …   New thesaurus


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